A sorbent material is an insoluble item that is essential in absorbing or adsorbing gases or liquids. The sorbent material is not soluble in the fluids for efficient absorption and adsorption. There are naturally existing and human-made sorbent materials that get used in absorbing liquids and gases.
This article highlights some of the essential concerning sorbent materials.
• Synthetic Sorbents- The synthetic sorbents get forged through the efforts of humans. Synthetic sorbents include polyurethane, polypropylene, and polyethylene, which can adsorb liquids effectively. Rubber materials and cross-linked polymers are also synthetic sorbents that can absorb liquids and swell. Efficient synthetic sorbents can make absorption of up to seventy times their weight in oil.
• Natural Organic Sorbents- There are also naturally existing organic sorbents that include the feathers, straw, sawdust, peat moss, hay, and other carbon-based products. Natural organic sorbents can absorb up to fifteen times more their weight in oil. Some natural organic sorbents like sawdust tend to absorb more water to the point of sinking. To prevent loose sawdust particles from spreading on water, one should wrap them up in a wire mesh.
• Natural Inorganic Sorbents- The natural inorganic sorbents are made available by nature and are also efficient in the role of absorption. The natural inorganic sorbent materials include clay, vermiculite, sand, glass wool, perlite, and volcanic ash. The materials can make adsorption of up to twenty times their weight in oil. Most of the natural inorganic sorbent materials are like sand are not effective for use on the water surface.
• Oil Spill Cleanup- The Sorbent materials facilitate oil spill absorbent on the water bodies and dry land. The sorbent materials are used to effectively separate the oil from water or soil within the shortest time possible.
• Cleansing the air- Sorbent materials are also useful in the purification of air. After the Chernobyl, for example, the sorbent materials were used to reduce the effects of the poisonous gases.
In conclusion, the sorbent materials use the oleophilic and hydrophobic properties to effectively absorb water and gases from the environment of the application. Factors that one should consider when choosing an effective sorbent include the rates of adsorption and absorption, oil retention, and ease of use.